Cómo son los drones militares?

La producción y buena parte de la tecnología que se oculta tras los aviones no tripulados ha sido patrimonio durante mucho tiempo de la compañía General Atomics, que gozaba del contrato exclusivo de fabricación de estas armas letales. Se desconocen las cifras de miles de millones de dólares que costó el desarrollo del primer modelo de drone, el Predator, así como de su sucesor, el Reaper, más grande y rápido.

Ahora, la compañía cuenta con otro competidor oficial, la empresa AeroVironment,  que fabrica el modelo Switchblade, también conocido como el ‘drone kamikaze’, porque se ha concebido para volar entre las filas enemigas y, entonces, se detonado. A pesar de que originariamente los aviones se utilizaron para misiones de vigilancia y reconocimiento, su uso no tardó en ampliarse a misiones de ataque.

Este tipo de aviones, capaces de volar a una altitud de 50.000 pies y alcanzar velocidades de más de 360 km/h, cuentan con tecnología punta que les permite escuchar conversaciones de teléfonos móviles, localizando al emisor sobre el terreno e, incluso, analizar emisiones de un laboratorio nuclear. Su tecnología de reconocimiento facial de última generación posibilita la detección de un individuo entre la multitud o, incluso y gracias a sus sensores térmicos, saber si un arma ha sido disparada recientemente por el calor que desprende.

Los drones utilizan un receptor GPS para establecer su localización y recibir las instrucciones de navegación vía satélite desde localizaciones remotas. Gracias a la multiplicidad de cámaras repartidas por todo el avión, el piloto disfruta de una panorámica completa a vista de pájaro, con cámaras de infrarrojos y visión nocturna. Cada una de las múltiples cámaras puede hacer seguimientos individualizados de diferentes vehículos, pudiendo transmitir en tiempo real y con alta resolución las imágenes a unidades sobre el terreno, gracias a la tecnología GhostLink.

Están equipados con un sofisticado radar para poder pilotar en condiciones de muy baja visibilidad debido al humo, niebla o calima. Algunas de estas cámaras disponen de miras láser y telémetros para los misiles de abordo. La carga de imágenes y datos recogidos por estas aeronaves es tal, que las Fuerzas Armadas estadounidenses ha tenido que multiplicar por cinco el personal de Inteligencia que analiza toda esa información.

Fuente: público


18 September 2012

UK Drones


UK Drones

[Image]A Royal Air Force Reaper UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) from 39 Squadron, makes its approach to Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan following a mission. The aircraft, armed with Paveway bombs and Hellfire missiles, is remotely controlled from Kandahar for takeoff and landing and by British troops in Nevada, USA during the actual sortie. 1 November 2010. MoD
[Image]This image shows Reaper a Remotely Piloted Air System (RPAS), part of 39 Squadron Royal Air Force. The Reaper has completed 20,000 operational flight hours in theatre, and is operated from Kandahar Air Field (KAF) in Afghanistan. Reaper is a medium-to-high altitude, long endurance Remotely Piloted Air System (RPAS). The Reaper’s primary mission is to act as an Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) asset, employing sensors to provide real-time data to commanders and intelligence specialists at all levels. Febraury 28, 2011. MoD
[Image]A Reaper Remotely Piloted Air System (RPAS) comes into land at Kandahar Airbase in Helmand, Afghanistan. Breaking new ground for the RAF, the MQ-9 Reaper has become an invaluable asset in the fight against terrorism in Afghanistan. It is able to spend great lengths of time silently observing the enemy before using a range of precision munitions to defend coalition troops and civilians from danger. This image was a runner-up in the RAF 2011 Photographic Competititon. January 5, 2011. MoD
[Image]A pilot from 39 Sqn remotely controls a Reaper MQ-9 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, during a training sortie over the west coast of America from Creech Air Force Base. UAV’s can be remotely piloted on Operation Herrick in Afghanistan from half way around the world at Creech AFB. 39 Sqn who are parented by RAF Waddington in the UK currently have around 70 personnel based in Nevada covering all trades from pilots to administration staff. March 19, 2009. MoD
[Image]A Reaper MQ-9 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated by 39 Squadron of the Royal Air Force, awaits take off from Creech Air Force Bace, Nevada prior to a training mission over the west coast of America. 39 Sqn, who are parented by RAF Waddington in the UK, currently have around 70 personnel based in Nevada covering all trades from Pilots to admin staff. March 19, 2009. MoD
[Image]Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Watchkeeper makes it’s first flight in the UK. The new UAV flew for the first time in the UK on 14 April 2010, taking off from dedicated facilities at Parc Aberporth in West Wales for a 20-minute flight. Watchkeeper provides enhanced UAV capability that will enable commanders to detect and track targets for long periods, without the need to deploy troops into potentially sensitive or dangerous areas. The system is capable of rapid deployment and operations anywhere in the world and will support the information requirements of all three services. April 13, 2012. MoD
[Image]A soldier of Bravo Company, 1 Rifles is pictured manning a Desert Hawk UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) from a remote controlling unit in Afghanistan. Desert Hawk is a portable UAV surveillance system which provides aerial video reconnaissance. It has a flight time of approximately one hour, and can fly anywhere within a 10km radius of its ground control station. It has both day and night time (thermal imaging) capability. The equipment can be used for a variety of tasks, such as force protection for convoys and patrols, route clearance, base security, reconnaissance or target tracking. The operator is able to view and record data in real time and act upon any hostile activity that the UAV encounters. March 20, 2009. MoD
[Image]A soldier of Bravo Company, 1 Rifles launches a Desert Hawk UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) from a WMIK Landrover during an operation near Garmsir, Afghanistan. Desert Hawk is a portable UAV surveillance system which provides aerial video reconnaissance. It has a flight time of approximately one hour, and can fly anywhere within a 10km radius of its ground control station. It has both day and night time (thermal imaging) capability. The equipment can be used for a variety of tasks, such as force protection for convoys and patrols, route clearance, base security, reconnaissance or target tracking. March 20, 2009. MoD
[Image]A soldier of the Royal Artillery launches a Desert Hawk UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) during Operation Ghartse Dagger in Helmand, Afghanistan. Desert Hawk is a portable UAV surveillance system which provides aerial video reconnaissance. It has a flight time of approximately one hour, and can fly anywhere within a 10km radius of its ground control station. It has both day and night time (thermal imaging) capability. The equipment can be used for a variety of tasks, such as force protection for convoys and patrols, route clearance, base security, reconnaissance or target tracking. March 5, 2008. MoD
[Image]The Unmanned Aerial System, Predator aircraft ready for take-off on the runway. Set up in January 2004 as an urgent operational requirement to support coalition operations in the Multi-National Division (South East) or MND (SE) of Iraq, 1115 Flight consists of 45 predominantly Royal Air Force personnel comprising pilots, sensor operators, engineers and other support personnel. The pilots and sensor operators work round-the-clock at Ground Control Stations housed at Nellis Air Force Base whilst the engineers are based at Creech Air Force Base both of which are in Nevada USA. Flying the Predator Unmanned Aerial System, they provide vital persistent, wide-area surveillance to support troops on the ground in both Iraq and Afghanistan. If called upon to do so they can also provide close air support, video support of surface actions, air strike coordination, and direct fire support. May 24, 2006. MoD

RT @Infouas: ¿Cómo son los #drones militares?, #UAV #militarhttp://www.infouas.com/como-son-los-drones-militares/ … http://dlvr.it/29rqvt

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